A Comprehensive Guide to Colorectal Cancer

In the field of medicine, abnormal growth of cancer is considered to be the most severe and life-threatening ones. Colorectal cancer is one of the severe colorectal diseases that people suffer from around the world. This article comprehensively points out the types, symptoms, and treatments of colorectal cancer through colorectal surgery and therapies.

What is colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer involves either colon or rectum. Cancer that takes place in the colon is known as colon cancer, and cancer that occurs in the rectal is known as rectal cancer.

How does colorectal cancer take place?

Due to the initial formation of malignant cells, which are also known as cancer cells in the tissues of the colon, colorectal cancer occurs. It mainly takes place in the rectum of the large intestine. Due to the abnormal growth of tissues on the inner walls of the colon and rectum, colorectal cancer occurs in a human body. The tissues that form rapidly both in colon and rectum can be found as polyps, the size of which is similar to a mushroom. Polyps keep on growing in size while remaining attached to the colon wall of a thin stalk.

What are the types of colorectal cancer?

A large percentage of all colorectal cancer in the human body covers by adenocarcinomas of the colon and rectum area. Colon and rectal adenocarcinomas form in the cells of the large intestine and start with the growth of polyps. A notable polyp called adenoma mainly causes cancer. Unlike Colorectal adenocarcinoma, that is a severe colorectal cancer, gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors, and stromal tumors, leiomyosarcomas, colorectal lymphomas, and melanomas are other significant types of colorectal cancer. On the left side of the colon, most colorectal cancer occurs. Left-sided cancer causes partial blockage and mainly contracts bowel channel.

What are the top symptoms of colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer may be a mild or life-threatening one. All of it depends on the primary symptoms like diarrhea, constipation, fatigue, and vomiting. One can go for diagnosis if found with pain and bloating in the abdomen, blood in stools, a lump in the tummy, improper bowel movement, weight loss, and deficiency of iron after menopause.

What are the potential treatments for colorectal cancer?

To carry out proper treatments of colorectal cancer, doctors prefer potential surgical options like bowel and liver resection and lung adrenal or ovarian resection. Also, the professionals conduct top therapies like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, gene therapy, etc.

How to avoid the risk of developing severe colorectal cancer?

Colon cancer and rectal cancer are common in today’s time; a large number of people in Singapore are becoming affected with time. It is highly recommended to consult top colorectal surgeons to carry out effective treatments to get rid of cancer in the first stage. To avoid the risk of developing severe colorectal cancer, one should keep them in proper check and take good notice of the primary symptoms from the early stage. By leveraging the advanced tools and technology, colorectal surgeons are playing a significant role in executing proper treatment of colorectal cancer.